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The naive art (French naive, "naive") is an artistic movement that emerged in the late nineteenth century in France by artists such as Henri Rousseau. This artistic movement was also important in the United States (Gradma Moses), England (Alfred Wallis), Argentina (Candido Lopez), Haiti, Bulgaria (Radi Nedelchev) and Croatia.

Inspired by the children's art, it is characterized by the lack of technical and theoretical knowledge. This lack of knowledge leads to mistakes in perspective or vanishing lines in the proportions and in the chromatic scale. Most of the artists were self-taught, explaining those mistakes, although many forms of expression sought only to evoke the childhood. The theme revolves around the farming and family life, customs and traditions, and religion.

The Museum of Art Naif Zagreb is installed in the neo-baroque Raffay Palace (XVIII century) which is situated in the Upper Town of Zagreb (Gornji Grad). In 1952 the Peasant Art Gallery, which in 1956 was renamed Primitive Arts Gallery, until in 1994 the Croatian government gave the current name was created. It has about 1,600 works (paintings, sculptures, prints and drawings), but because of the small space that has the palace, some 80 works produced between 1930 and 1990 are presented.

It is represented school Hlebine painters-peasants (near Zagreb town) with Ivan Generalic, Mirko Virius, Josip Generalic, Ivan Lackovic. Furthermore, we find independent authors as Skurijeni Matija, Ivan Rabuzin and Emeric Fejes, and international authors as Germain van der Steen, Simon Schwartzenberg and Pietro Ghizzardi.

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El arte naif (del franc廥 na髽, ingenuo) es una corriente art疄tica que surge a finales del siglo XIX en Francia de la mano de artistas como Henri Rousseau. Este movimiento art疄tico tambi幯 fue importante en Estados Unidos (Gradma Moses), Inglaterra (Alfred Wallis), Argentina (C嫕dido L鏕ez), Hait, Bulgaria (Radi Nedelchev) y Croacia.

Inspirado en el arte infantil, se caracteriza por la falta de conocimientos t嶰nicos y te鏎icos. Esta falta de conocimientos provoca errores en la perspectiva o l璯eas de fuga, en las proporciones y en la escala crom嫢ica. La mayor燰 de los artistas era autodidacta, lo que explicar燰 esos errores, aunque muchos s鏊o buscaban formas de expresi鏮 que evocaran a la infancia. La tem嫢ica gira en torno a la vida campesina y familiar, las costumbres y tradiciones, y la religi鏮.

El Museo de Arte de Naif de Zagreb est instalado en el neobarroco Palacio Raffay (siglo XVIII) que se sita en la Ciudad Alta de Zagreb (Gornji Grad). En 1952 se cre la Galer燰 de Arte Campesino, que en 1956 pas a llamarse Galer燰 de Artes Primitivas, hasta que en 1994 el gobierno croata le dio el nombre actual. Posee unas 1600 obras (pinturas, esculturas, grabados y dibujos), aunque debido al reducido espacio que tiene el palacio, se exponen unas 80 obras producidas entre 1930 y 1990.

Est representada la escuela de pintores-campesinos de Hlebine (localidad cercana a Zagreb) con Ivan Generalic, Mirko Virius, Josip Generalic, Ivan Lackovic. Adem嫳, encontramos autores independientes como Matija Skurijeni, Ivan Rabuzin y Emeric Fejes, y autores internacionales como Germain van der Steen, Simon Schwartzenberg y Pietro Ghizzardi.

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Additional Photos by Luis Garcia (adramad) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8005 W: 5 N: 14104] (62896)
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