相片

Photographer's Note

The area inscribed on the World Heritage List is very coarse, it includes the medieval center, the old suburban neighborhoods of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries established according to a checkerboard plan and a semicircle of boulevards dating from the nineteenth century. Since the 13th century, most of Riga's buildings are built in stone, reflecting the richness of the medieval city.

The old city has preserved several of these buildings with narrow facades such as the "House of the Three Brothers" dating from the fifteenth century. The old city still has many medieval churches. The Cathedral, whose construction began in 1211, was the object of different enlargements and reconstruction works in the late Middle Ages and the Modern era, which explains that it now has Roman, Gothic, Mannerist, Baroque, Classical and Neo-Gothic elements .

Another medieval church, which was dedicated to San Pedro and which was damaged in an important way during the Second World War, still marks the profile of the city by its singular arrow.

As in many of the European cities, the medieval defenses were demolished in the mid-nineteenth century and have been replaced by a long belt of boulevards and public gardens that enclose a large part of the old city.

At the end of the 19th century, new suburbs were established according to the checkerboard plan and grand Art Nouveau houses were built. The Latvian architects, influenced by Finland, add an original touch to this style and give birth to a new movement of national romanticism. The historic center of Riga is composed of elements that bear witness to all historical periods, forming an invaluable urban heritage.

------------------------------------------------------

La zona inscrita en la Lista del Patrimonio Mundial es muy basta, engloba el centro medieval, los antiguos barrios suburbanos de los siglos XVIII y XIX establecidos segn un plan en damero y un semic甏culo de bulevares que datan del siglo XIX. Desde el siglo XIII, la mayor燰 de los edificios de Riga son construidos en piedra, lo que refleja la riqueza de la ciudad medieval.

La ciudad vieja ha conservado varias de esas construcciones con las fachadas estrechas tal como la "Casa de los Tres Hermanos" que data del siglo XV. La ciudad vieja cuenta an con numerosas iglesias medievales. La Catedral, que su construcci鏮 se iniciara en 1211, fue objeto de diferentes ampliaciones y trabajos de reconstrucci鏮 en la baja Edad Media y en la 廧oca Moderna, lo que explica que ahora cuenta con elementos romanos, g鏒icos, manieristas, barrocos, cl嫳icos y neog鏒icos.

Otra iglesia medieval, que fue dedicada a San Pedro y que fue da鎙da de una manera importante durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial, marca todav燰 el perfil de la ciudad por su flecha singular.

Como en muchas de las ciudades europeas, las defensas medievales fueron demolidas a mediados del siglo XIX y han sido remplazadas por un largo cintur鏮 de bulevares y de jardines pblicos que entornan una gran parte de la ciudad vieja.

A finales del siglo XIX, se establecieron nuevos suburbios segn el plano en damero y se construyeron grandiosas casas de estilo art nouveau. Los arquitectos letonianos, influenciados por Finlandia, agregan un toque original a este estilo y dan nacimiento a un nuevo movimiento de romanticismo nacional. El centro hist鏎ico de Riga se compone de elementos que son testimonio de todas las 廧ocas hist鏎icas, formando un patrimonio urbano inestimable.

ikeharel, Fis2, PaulVDV, jhm, cornejo, mcmtanyel, danos, gervaso, papagolf21, COSTANTINO has marked this note useful

Photo Information
Viewed: 876
Points: 54
Discussions
  • None
Additional Photos by Luis Garcia (adramad) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8157 W: 5 N: 14556] (64670)
View More Pictures
explore TREKEARTH