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Photographer's Note

The Basilica Cistern, also called the Yerebatan Sarayı or Yerebatan Sarnıcı, is the largest of several hundred ancient cisterns that still lie beneath the city of Istanbul, former Constantinople, Turkey.
This cathedral-sized cistern is an underground chamber of 143 by 65 metres, capable of holding 80,000 cubic metres of water. The large space is broken up by a forest of 336 marble columns each 9 metres high. The bases of two of these columns reuse earlier blocks carved with the head of a Medusa.
The cistern, located in the historical peninsula of Istanbul, was built by the Greeks during the reign of emperor Justinian I in the 6th century, the age of glory of Eastern Rome, also called the Byzantine Empire. The cistern is surrounded by a firebrick wall with a thickness of 4 meters and coated with a special mortar for insulation against water. The cistern's water was provided from the Belgrade Woodswhich lie 19km north of the cityvia aqueducts built by the emperor Justinian.
The cistern was used as a location for the James Bond film From Russia with Love. It is a popular tourist attraction.

MEDUSA BAŞLI S郼UNLAR
Yerebatan Sarnıcı İstanbuldaki en byk ve muhteşem kapalı sarnı蓨ır. Ayasofya meydanı batısındaki k踙k binadan girilir. Stun ormanı g顤nmndeki mekanın tavanı tuğla 顤l, 蓷praz tonozludur. Zamanında civardaki bir bazilikadan dolayı bu isimle anılmıştır.
Sarnıcın kuzeybatı kşesindeki iki stunun altında kaide olarak kullanılan iki Medusa başı Roma cağı heykeltraşlık sanatının 顤neklerindendir. 4. yzyıla ait bu başların hangi yapıdan alınarak buraya getirildiği konusunda kesin bir bilgi olmamakla birlikte gen Roma ドğı'na ait antik bir yapıdan s闥lerek buraya getirldiği ve sarnıcın inşasında salt stun kaidesi olarak ihtita olduğu i蓾n kullanıldığı g顤ş araştırmacılar arasında genel kabul g顤mektedir.

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Photo Information
  • Copyright: Fatih GOKLER (cemsultan) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 315 W: 44 N: 347] (4726)
  • Genre: 地方
  • Medium: 彩色
  • Date Taken: 2007-04-27
  • Categories: 建築
  • Exposure:f/2.8, 1/2 seconds
  • More Photo Info: view
  • Photo Version:Original Version
  • Date Submitted: 2007-07-08 1:21
Viewed: 1151
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Additional Photos by Fatih GOKLER (cemsultan) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 315 W: 44 N: 347] (4726)
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