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Photographer's Note

Went for a short drive yesterday and visited Head Smashed in Buffalo Jump, in Fort Macleod
The buffalo jump was used for 5,500 years by aboriginal peoples of the plains to kill buffalo, by driving them off the 10 metre high cliff. The Blackfoot drove the buffalo from a grazing area in the Porcupine Hills about 3 kilometres west of the site to the "drive lanes," lined by hundreds of cairns, then at full gallop over a cliff. The cliff itself is about 300 metres long, and at its highest point drops 10 metres into the valley below. The site was in use at least 6,000 years ago, and the bone deposits are 10 metres deep. After falling off the cliff, the buffalo carcasses were processed at a nearby camp.

In Blackfoot, the name for the site is Estipah-skikikini-kots. According to legend, a young Blackfoot wanted to watch the buffalo plunge off the cliff from below, but was buried underneath the falling buffalo. He was later found dead under the pile of carcasses "where he got his head smashed in".

Head-Smashed-In was abandoned in the 19th century after European contact. The site was first recorded by Europeans in the 1880s, and first excavated by the American Museum of Natural History in 1938. It was designated a Canadian National Historic Site in 1968, a Provincial Historic Site in 1979, and a World Heritage Site in 1981, putting it in the ranks of such sites such as the Egyptian pyramids, Stonehenge and the Galapagos Islands.

This knowledge is not mine but found in Wikipedia

Enjoy!!!

rbellemare, grantlp, johannes68 has marked this note useful

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Viewed: 2006
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Additional Photos by Christan Rapp (c_rapp) Silver Star Critiquer/Silver Note Writer [C: 12 W: 0 N: 11] (254)
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