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Photographer's Note

This article is about the original inhabitants of Australia. For the Australian definition in law, see Australian Aborigines.
Australian Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders Australian Aboriginal Flag.svg Torres Strait Islanders Flag.svg
Didgeridoo boomerang Torres Strait Islander Face Mask David Unaipon. Albert Namatjira Noel Pearson.
Ernie Dingo David Gulpilil Jessica Mauboy
David Wirrpanda Cathy Freeman Christine Anu
Didgeridoo, Boomerang, Torres Strait Face Mask, David Unaipon, Albert Namatjira, Noel Pearson, Ernie Dingo, David Gulpilil, Jessica Mauboy, David Wirrpanda, Cathy Freeman, Christine Anu
Total population
517,000, 2.5% of Australia's population (in 2006)[1][2]
Regions with significant populations
New South Wales 152,685
Queensland 144,885
Western Australia 70,966
Northern Territory 64,005
Victoria 33,517
South Australia 28,055
Tasmania 18,415
Australian Capital Territory 4,282
Languages

Several hundred Indigenous Australian languages (many extinct or nearly so), Australian English, Australian Aboriginal English, Torres Strait Creole, Kriol
Religion

Majority Christianity, with minority following traditional animist (Dreamtime) beliefs.
Related ethnic groups

see List of Indigenous Australian group names

Indigenous Australians are the original inhabitants of the Australian continent and nearby islands. The Aboriginal Indigenous Australians migrated from India via the "Southern Route" around 50,000 years ago, and arrived in Australia around 45,000 years ago.[3] The Torres Strait Islanders are indigenous to the Torres Strait Islands, which are at the northern-most tip of Queensland near Papua New Guinea. The term "Aboriginal" has traditionally been applied to indigenous inhabitants of mainland Australia, Tasmania, and some of the other adjacent islands.

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