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Photographer's Note

Paris, Defense district.

The business area of Paris, located on the towns of Nanterre, Courbevoie and Puteaux in the Hauts-de-Seine is one of the most important business place in Europe with the City (London).

3350000 m of offices, 150000 employees of 2500 firms (a big part of the CAC 40 is present there) and also 20000 inhabitants.
A large renovating plan has been decided in 2006. 15 new towers must be built hence 2015, as the Signal tower by Jean Nouvel. The recent economical and fiancial crisis makes the project late.

The development of the area iwas given in 1958 to the Public establishment of development of the Defense (EPAD).
The next year, it must amalgamate with another structure, the Epasa and cover a biggest surface, taking grounds to the nearby towns.

On the concrete slab of the Defense, 60 artworks make the place a open-air museum.
Among them, the Thumb by C廥ar.
The sculptor from Marseilles, C廥ar Baldaccini, called C廥ar (1921-1998) is well know for his compression works.
He also made some Thumbs, from the casting of his own finger.
The one of the Defense is 12 m high and 18 tonnes weigh.
It was set in 1994.

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