相片

Photographer's Note

America was made of them: immigrants from different countries....from all over the world.

Their gate to the "American Dream" was Ellis Island.
This Artwork shows the USA Flag made by different faces, belonging to different ethnic groups.
Now their sons are Americans

MORE INFO:

Ellis Island in New York Harbor was the gateway for millions of immigrants to the United States as the site of the nation's busiest immigration station from 1892 to 1954. Prior to that, the much smaller original island was the site of Fort Gibson and later a naval magazine. Since 1990, restored buildings on the island host a museum of immigration run by the National Park Service as part of Statue of Liberty National Monument

The federal immigration station opened on January 1, 1892 and was closed on November 12, 1954, with 12 million immigrants processed there by the US Bureau of Immigration. After the Immigration Act of 1924 was passed, which greatly restricted immigration and allowed processing at overseas embassies, the only immigrants to pass through the station were displaced persons or war refugees. Today, over 100 million Americans - one third of the population - can trace their ancestry to the immigrants who first arrived in America at Ellis Island before dispersing to points all over the country.

In the 35 years before Ellis Island opened, over 8 million immigrants had been processed by New York State officials at Castle Garden Immigration Depot in lower Manhattan, just across the bay from Ellis Island.It is estimated that 10.5 million immigrants departed for points across the United States from the Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal in Jersey City, across a narrow strait from the island. The peak year for immigration at Ellis Island was 1907, with 1,004,756 immigrants processed. The all-time daily high occurred on April 17, 1907, when 11,747 immigrants arrived.

Generally, those immigrants who were approved spent from two to five hours at Ellis Island. Arrivals were asked 29 questions including name, occupation, and the amount of money carried. Those with visible health problems or diseases were sent home or held in the island's hospital facilities for long periods of time. More than three thousand would-be immigrants died on Ellis Island while being held in the hospital facilities. Some unskilled workers were rejected because they were considered "likely to become a public charge." About 2 percent were denied admission to the U.S. and sent back to their countries of origin for reasons such as having a chronic contagious disease, criminal background, or insanity. Ellis Island was sometimes known as "The Island of Tears" or "Heartbreak Island" because of those 2% who were not admitted after the long transatlantic voyage. The Kissing Post is a wooden column outside the Registry Room, where new arrivals were greeted by their relatives and friends, typically with tears, hugs and kisses
After 1924 Ellis Island became primarily a detention and deportation processing center.[16]

During and immediately following World War II Ellis Island was used to intern German merchant mariners and enemy aliens - American civilians or immigrants detained for fear of spying, sabotage.

After the immigration station closed in November 1954, the buildings fell into disrepair and were all but abandoned. Attempts at redeveloping the site were unsuccessful until its landmark status was established. On October 15, 1965, Ellis Island was proclaimed a part of Statue of Liberty National Monument. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966.

ade71, Kofman, carlosmarin, baddori, macjake, mkamionka, thaimadathil, dkmurphys has marked this note useful

Photo Information
  • Copyright: Silvio Garda (Jeppo) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1804 W: 10 N: 1772] (17645)
  • Genre: 地方
  • Medium: 彩色
  • Date Taken: 2009-08-10
  • Categories: 藝術
  • Exposure:f/4.5, 1/6 seconds
  • More Photo Info: view
  • Photo Version:Original Version
  • Date Submitted: 2010-04-17 2:42
Viewed: 1366
Points: 32
Discussions
Additional Photos by Silvio Garda (Jeppo) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1804 W: 10 N: 1772] (17645)
View More Pictures
explore TREKEARTH