相片

Photographer's Note

Macedonian clay perfume vase in the shape of a rooster. Found in the Cemetery of Sindos, male burial ca. 540 BCE. (Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki).

The evidence from all known Macedonian burial sites from the period between 570 and 480 BC, indicaters that Macedonia followed an expansion war, seen on warfare equipment and the modes of its consumption. The territorial expansion of the early 6th century BCE may have actually marked the establishment, for the first time, of a supra-local polity in Lower Macedonia, strong political centralization did not occur at the kingdom until the end of the 6th century BCE.

In addition, it will be maintained that these developments may have been underpinned but were not instigated by cross-cultural encounters. In the end it will be stressed that, although changes in the Macedonian funerary record clearly reflect transformations in the kingdoms sociopolitical structures, a more nuanced understanding of these structures can only be gained through evidence from settlements, which remains to date scanty.

Following Herodotus and Thudycidess geographical division of Macedonia, three major cemeteries, Aiane, Archontiko and Sindos, one from each of these three regions of Macedonia (upper, lower and the other) will be studied. Elite identities constructed by different types of burial will be discussed in relation to the formation of new power dynamics in both regional and interregional level. During this period a number of distinctive elite burials appeared more or less simultaneously at a small number of sites across various regions of Macedonia. By comparing and contrasting these with each other as well as with other burials (e.g. women and children) in the same region, this presentation will examine the creation and development of identities within the funerary sphere. Studying the different categories of burials goods, grave types and location of these elite tombs within each of the aforementioned cemeteries will shed important new light in the changing power dynamics attested both between the individuals buried in each cemetery as well as between the communities located in different sites.Among the numerous items deposited in the tombs, gold foil objects will be taken as an example as they were locally produced and especially for funerary purposes. The particular iconography displayed on these items reflects oriental influences in a specifically regional approach that could reflect a strong belief in the afterlife. The animals depicted on them, particularly the confronted lions, could be a means to protect the deceased in their final voyage. This interpretation will allow us to shed a different point of view regarding other items deposited in the tombs such as weapons, ceramics and terracotta figurines. Finally, we will take a closer look at the differences and common traits that we can establish between the wealthy tombs of the ancient Macedonian region and the elite burials of central Europe.

partial quote: https://pebasite.wordpress.com/peba-2020/representations-of-power-an-ancient-macedonian-elite/

jemaflor has marked this note useful

Photo Information
Viewed: 0
Points: 2
Discussions
  • None
Additional Photos by Alex Fan Moniz (LondonBoy) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 99 W: 0 N: 698] (2690)
View More Pictures
explore TREKEARTH