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Photographer's Note

Vila do Conde aerial view (drone image) showing the famous Monastery of Santa Clara, later referred to as the Convent of Santa Clara.
ISO 100 (equiv fd in 25mm: 28 mm)


Anchored on the right bank is a replica of a fifteenth-century caravel built in the city to mark the 500th anniversary of the discovery of Brazil


Vila do Conde is one of the oldest settlements in northern Portugal. Geological artifacts dating to the Paleolithic have been discovered in sites in the SURROUNDING parishes dating from 100,000 to 15,000 years. There have also been discoveries of implements and mounds dating back to the Bronze Age and Neolithic periods indicating a period of transition between forging and sedimentary civilizations.[WP]

Its origins date back to the founding of the Portuguese territory; the earliest written document (953) refers to the Villa de Comite, in a chart used for the sale of land by Flamula Pelagius, to the Monastery of Guimar綣s.
Its ancient origins date back to the Castro of S緌 Jo緌 (Hillfort of St. John), and other Iron Age castros, that include dispersed settlements in Retorta, Bagunte, Ferreir, Vair緌, and Labruge.
In the 18th century, Jer鏮imo Contador de Argote, citing references to the Castro culture, identified the existence of one of these structures in the hilltops of Cividade de Bagunte, a structure occupying 50 hectares (0.50 km2)[WP].
Vestiges of the Roman occupation of the region continue to be discovered, and archaeological digs are ongoing in a dozen sites throughout the municipality. The origin of the toponym is unknown, yet most authors point to the 9th century counts of the Reconquista, those who came from Galicia and Asturias and were ancestors of Flamula Pelagius, as probably linked to the genesis of the name.

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Additional Photos by Rui de Camposinhos (ruisc_pt) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1819 W: 126 N: 2808] (11544)
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