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Photographer's Note

On the advice of the monk Nicodem Tismana, later adviser to the voivode prince, Mircea I of Wallachia (Mircea cel Bătr滱, nicknamed the Elder) promoted its construction between 1386-1388, and after his death his body rests in the mausoleum of the monastery. Like other monasteries in Romania, in addition to fulfilling its task of managing the territory and preserving the theological culture, Cozia served as a defensive bastion to control the territory. A couple of years after completing the ensemble, the frescoes were painted, around 1390-91, preserved to this day.

The church was renovated in 1517 at the time of the Neagoe Basarab voivode of the Craioveşti family, and also at the beginning of the 18th century by the Wallachian ruler Constantin Br滱coveanu, adding the gallery of the nartex that precedes the entrance to the church, a chapel, fountains and the tower with clock, characteristic elements of the Br滱covenesc style. Both princes are portrayed on the walls of the Cozia monastery. In 1821, during the uprising against Ottoman rule, the Wallachian leader Tudor Vladimirescu used it as a place of defense.

Surrounded by strong walls and with the natural defense of the river on one side, the name of Cozia comes from "nuget" which means walnut in the Cumana language, in reference to the trees that are still in its environment. The Cumans were nomadic tribes from Turkey who settled in the territory of present-day Bulgaria, Romania, -especially in Transylvania and Hungary. Its meaning is "walnut" and although it is also mentioned as Nucetul (equivalent in Romanian), the name of Cozia was the one that predominated.

A tree-lined walk leads us to the entrance to the monastery in which the frescoes outside the pronaos stand out. Stone and brick alternate in the construction indicating the Byzantine style, the work of Serbian artists from the Moravian School.

The walls are decorated with stone rosettes, horizontal Byzantine-style rows of brick and stone, and the vertical frames are unprecedented in Wallachian architecture. The resemblance to the church at Lazarica indicates that Mircea I hired Serbian artists from the Moravian School.

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Aconsejado por el monje Nicodem Tismana, a la postre asesor del pr璯cipe voivoda, Mircea I de Valaquia (Mircea cel Bătr滱, apodado el Viejo) impuls su construcci鏮 entre 1386-1388, y tras su muerte su cuerpo reposa en el mausoleo del monasterio. Como otros monasterios de Rumania adem嫳 de cumplir con su tarea de administraci鏮 del territorio y de la conservaci鏮 de la cultura teol鏬ica, Cozia serv燰 como basti鏮 defensivo para controlar el territorio. Un par de a隳s despu廥 de terminar el conjunto se pintaron los frescos, hacia 1390-91, conservados hasta hoy.

La iglesia fue reformada en 1517 en 廧oca del voivoda Neagoe Basarab de la familia Craioveşti, y tambi幯 a principios del siglo XVIII por el gobernante de Valaquia Constantin Br滱coveanu, a鎙diendo la galer燰 del nartex que precede a la entrada de la iglesia, una capilla, fuentes y la torre con reloj, elementos caracter疄ticos del estilo Br滱covenesc. Ambos pr璯cipes aparecen retratados en los muros del monasterio de Cozia. En 1821, durante la sublevaci鏮 contra el dominio otomano, el lider valaco Tudor Vladimirescu la utiliz como lugar de defensa.

Rodeado por fuertes muros y con la defensa natural del r甐 en uno de los lados, el nombre de Cozia proviene de nuget que significa nogal en lengua cumana, en referencia a los 嫫boles que hay todav燰 en su entorno. Los cumanos eran unas tribus n鏔adas llegadas de Turqu燰 que se asentaron en el territorio de la actual Bulgaria, Ruman燰,-especialmente en Transilvania y Hungr燰. Su significado es nogal y aunque tambi幯 aparece mencionada como Nucetul (equivalente en rumano), el nombre de Cozia fue el que predomin.

Un paseo arbolado nos conduce a la entrada al monasterio en el que destacan los frescos del exterior del pronaos. Piedra y ladrillo se alternan en la construcci鏮 indicando el estilo bizantino, obra de artistas serbios de la Escuela de Moravia.

Los muros est嫕 decorados con rosetas de piedra, filas de estilo bizantino horizontales de ladrillo y piedra y los marcos verticales no tienen precedentes en la arquitectura valaca. El parecido con la iglesia de Lazarica indica que Mircea I contrat artistas serbios de la Escuela de Morava.

jhm, holmertz, ChrisJ, COSTANTINO, PaulVDV, ricardomattos has marked this note useful

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Additional Photos by Luis Garcia (adramad) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8736 W: 5 N: 15768] (70364)
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