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Photographer's Note

Between the 1840's and the early 20th century, NYC had a large German population; it was actually the third largest after Berlin and Vienna. The area known as Kleindeutschland was located in lower Manhattan, in the neighborhoods now called the East Village and Alphabet City.

I went looking for some of the remnants of this once-vibrant neighborhood, and found three interesting facades. Each one has its purpose written in German on it, as well as some other beautiful decorative elements.

In this photo you can see what once was the German American Shooting Society. The inscription on top translates to "unity is strength". This tenement-style building was erected in 1885.

In the WS are two other facades: the German Dispensary (now a medical clinic), and the Free German Library (still a branch of the NY Public Library), also built in the 1880's.

Kleindeutschland slowly began to decline in the early 1900's, and one terrible disaster sealed its fate. On June 15, 1904, a boat called the General Slocum was taking 1300 people from the German community, mostly women and children, to a church picnic on Long Island. It caught fire and sank, killing 1,021. After that, many of the remaining families moved away and started new enclaves in various parts of the city. There is a memorial fountain dedicated to the General Slocum victims in Tompkins Square Park.

Photo Information
  • Copyright: Brenda Elaine (worldcitizen) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1907 W: 335 N: 4235] (15176)
  • Genre: 地方
  • Medium: 彩色
  • Date Taken: 2015-01-23
  • Categories: 建築
  • Exposure:f/4.2, 1/80 seconds
  • More Photo Info: view
  • Photo Version:Original Version, Workshop
  • Date Submitted: 2015-01-25 10:57
Viewed: 1502
Points: 30
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